Solar is the most secure of all other sources, since it is abundantly available. It also provides the ability to generate power on a distributed basis and enables rapid capacity addition with short lead times. Technology routes for conversion of solar radiation into heat and electricity.
Solar Thermal and Solar Photovoltaic, can effectively be harnessed providing huge scalability for solar in India. India is endowed with vast solar energy potential.
You may connect your solar system directly into the wires of your utility. Since the “Net Metering” allows you to do this you will actually be spinning your meter backwards when your system is generating more power than you are consuming. When you generate excess electricity (more power than you are using) it will enter the grid. Your meter will tally the excess and credit to your account.
On-Grid Systems are solar pv systems that only generate power when the utility power grid is available. They must connect to the grid to function. They can send excess power generated back to the grid when you are overproducing so you credit it for later use.
One of the main types of the solar power system is Off-grid — also known as a stand-alone power system (SAPS). It works by generating electricity from solar panels and using it to charge a solar battery via a charger controller.
Solar hybrid power systems are hybrid power systems that combine solar power from a photovoltaic system with another power generating energy source. The diesel generators are used to constantly fill in the gap between the present load and the actual generated power by the PV system.
There are two kinds of electricity, DC and AC. Homes that are connected to utility power use AC electricity. Flashlights, small radios and automobiles use DC electricity. In to use solar power to operate the appliances in your home, an inverter will convert PV power from DC to AC.Inverters can be further classified as units that use batteries (UPS) and those that use the utility grid as power storage (Grid-tied). Inverters are now required to possess meters that will indicate their performance and some manufacturer’s supply remote display units that can be mounted inside the home. It is important to check on your inverter regularly to become acquainted with its operation and performance.
The basic types of solar cells are Monocrystalline cells are cut from a silicon ingot grown from a single large crystal of silicon whilst polycrystalline cells are cut from an ingot made up of many smaller crystals.
A solar panel is an assembly of solar cells that can convert light directly into electricity. By combining the capacity of several solar panels Depending on the type of panel, 5 to 19 % of the light energy can be converted into electricity. This is known as the “output” of the panel.